There are a number of known conditions and lifestyle factors that increases a person’s chance of experiencing stroke. Some of these ‘risk factors’ such as age and gender cannot be controlled. However, many stroke risk factors are lifestyle related, such as high blood pressure, lack of regular exercise, and obesity. Such risk factors can be changed, thus significantly reducing a person’s risk of stroke.
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a field of health care that offers many potential options that might be beneficial to address lifestyle related risk factors of stroke. There is much scientific literature reporting on CAM intervention studies for stroke risk factors, however the majority of these studies are of poor methodological quality and/or are of varying study designs. Thus, there is no definitive guidance as to which CAM options might be effective in reducing risk factors of stroke.
Therefore this project aimed to summarize the evidence of Complementary and Alternative Medicine for the prevention of stroke, and stroke risk factors.